169 matching studies

Sponsor Condition of Interest
Study to Evaluate the Effect of GBT440 in Pediatrics With Sickle Cell Disease
Global Blood Therapeutics Sickle Cell Disease
This study consists of four parts, Parts A, B, C, and D. Part A is a single dose pharmacokinetic (PK) study in pediatric participants with Sickle Cell Disease. Part B is a multiple dose, safety, exploratory, efficacy, and PK study in adolescent Sickle Cell Disease participants... expand

This study consists of four parts, Parts A, B, C, and D. Part A is a single dose pharmacokinetic (PK) study in pediatric participants with Sickle Cell Disease. Part B is a multiple dose, safety, exploratory, efficacy, and PK study in adolescent Sickle Cell Disease participants who were 12-17 years of age. Part C is a multiple dose, safety, tolerability, and PK study, which includes the assessment of hematological effects and the effect on TCD flow velocity of voxelotor in pediatric participants with Sickle Cell Disease who are 4 to 17 years of age. Part D is a multiple dose, safety, tolerability, and PK study, which will examine the hematological effects of voxelotor in pediatric participants with Sickle Cell Disease who are between 9 months to < 4 years of age.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2016

open study

Efficacy and Safety of Pegzilarginase in Patients With Arginase 1 Deficiency
Aeglea Biotherapeutics Arginase I Deficiency Hyperargininemia
CAEB1102-300A is a multi-center randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of pegzilarginase in patients with ARG1-D. This study will consist of a screening period; a randomized, double-blind treatment period; a long-term extension;... expand

CAEB1102-300A is a multi-center randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of pegzilarginase in patients with ARG1-D. This study will consist of a screening period; a randomized, double-blind treatment period; a long-term extension; and a follow up visit for final safety assessments.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Apr 2019

open study

Trial of Dichloroacetate in Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Complex Deficiency:
University of Florida Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Complex Deficiency
The objective of this research study is to conduct a pivotal phase 3 trial of treatment with the investigational drug dichloroacetate (DCA) in young children with deficiency of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC). PDC deficiency (PDCD) is the most common cause of congenital... expand

The objective of this research study is to conduct a pivotal phase 3 trial of treatment with the investigational drug dichloroacetate (DCA) in young children with deficiency of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC). PDC deficiency (PDCD) is the most common cause of congenital lactic acidosis and is a frequently fatal metabolic disease of childhood for which no proven treatment exists. The investigators predict that DCA represents targeted potential therapy for PDCD because of its ability to increase both the catalytic activity and stability of the enzyme complex. The conclusions of numerous laboratory and clinical investigations are consistent with this postulate and have led to the designation of DCA as an Orphan Product for congenital lactic acidosis by the Food and Drug Administration. A novel Observer reported outcome (ObsRO) survey that is completed by study participant's parent/caregiver, is the efficacy outcome measure. Funding Source - FDA OOPD

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2019

open study

Development and Validation of Patient Reported Outcome (PRO) Measures for Individuals With Neurofibromatosis...
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Neurofibromatosis 1 Plexiform Neurofibromas
Background: People with neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) who have plexiform neurofibromas (PNs) can have pain that affects their daily lives. This study aims to improve questionnaires that measure their pain, daily living, and physical functioning. Objectives: To examine... expand

Background: People with neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) who have plexiform neurofibromas (PNs) can have pain that affects their daily lives. This study aims to improve questionnaires that measure their pain, daily living, and physical functioning. Objectives: To examine and improve questionnaires about daily living for people with NF1 and PNs. Eligibility: People ages 5 and older with NF1 and a PN Design: Participants will be screened with medical history. This study will have 2 phases. Phase 1 participants will talk about existing pain assessment questionnaires and how PNs affect their life. They will have group discussions of up to 8 people of a similar age with NF1 and PNs, or the parents of children with it. These will last about 90 minutes. Children ages 5 to 7 and their parents will have one-on-one meetings instead. These will last about 45 minutes. Discussions will be audiotaped. After the questionnaires have been changed, individual interviews will discuss the new wording, instructions, questions, and electronic format of the new forms. Phase 1 participants may be invited to Phase 2. Phase 2 participants will complete the new questionnaires. These may be pen-and-paper or electronic. The questionnaires will take about 30 minutes for adults and teens. Children will work one-on-one with a staff member and may need up to 45 minutes. A small group of participants will be complete the forms twice in clinic and 1 month later at home. Also, a small group who start a new pain treatment or have a dose increase in their treatment will complete the forms twice before the treatment change and 1 month later.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Nov 2015

open study

Treatment of Children With Recurrent Refractory Brain/Solid Tumors and Recurrent Ependymoma
The Hospital for Sick Children Recurrent Childhood CNS Tumor Ependymoma, Recurrent Childhood Childhood Solid Tumor
Many pediatric brain and solid tumors have altered epigenetic landscapes, and altered DNA methylation. As such this study is a Phase I/Ib study of combined 5'Azacitidine with an escalating dose of carboplatin for all recurrent/refractory pediatric brain and solid tumors. The... expand

Many pediatric brain and solid tumors have altered epigenetic landscapes, and altered DNA methylation. As such this study is a Phase I/Ib study of combined 5'Azacitidine with an escalating dose of carboplatin for all recurrent/refractory pediatric brain and solid tumors. The phase I component will establish with maximum tolerated dose of carboplatin with azacytidine. An expansion cohort will be recruited of up to 30 patients will follow consisting of 20 recurrent posterior fossa ependymoma and 10 recurrent supratentorial ependymoma.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2017

open study

Ulixertinib in Treating Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, or Histiocytic Disorders...
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Advanced Malignant Solid Neoplasm MAPK1 Gene Mutation Recurrent Ependymal Tumor Recurrent Ewing Sarcoma Recurrent Glioma
This phase II Pediatric MATCH trial studies how well ulixertinib works in treating patients with solid tumors that have spread to other places in the body (advanced), non-Hodgkin lymphoma, or histiocytic disorders that have a genetic alteration (mutation) in a signaling pathway... expand

This phase II Pediatric MATCH trial studies how well ulixertinib works in treating patients with solid tumors that have spread to other places in the body (advanced), non-Hodgkin lymphoma, or histiocytic disorders that have a genetic alteration (mutation) in a signaling pathway called MAPK. A signaling pathway consists of a group of molecules in a cell that control one or more cell functions. Genes in the MAPK pathway are frequently mutated in many types of cancers. Ulixertinib may stop the growth of cancer cells that have mutations in the MAPK pathway.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Oct 2018

open study

Measuring Analgesic Interventions
Julia Finkel Pain
It is generally recognized that pain assessment and management especially in newborns, children and other nonverbal populations is an unmet need. According to the American Medical Association, "the pediatric population is at risk of inadequate pain management, with age-related... expand

It is generally recognized that pain assessment and management especially in newborns, children and other nonverbal populations is an unmet need. According to the American Medical Association, "the pediatric population is at risk of inadequate pain management, with age-related factors affecting pain management in children. Children are often given minimal or no analgesia for procedures that would routinely be treated aggressively in adults. Although much is now known about pain management in children, it has not been widely or effectively translated into routine clinical practice". These two factors combine to emphasize the necessity for an objective tool to quantify pain and monitor the effectiveness of analgesia, especially during treatments. Further, it is reported that many patients require a combination of treatments, and it is often necessary to test a variety of treatments before the personal match for treatment is found. The method in place to change the care on a subjective basis is difficult, time consuming, and not easily individualized. This pilot study is part of an ongoing effort to develop a method to objectively assess response to specific analgesic interventions. It specifically aims to discern the impact of analgesic interventions on sensory nerve fiber sensitivity in a diverse patient population.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Oct 2018

open study

Objective Assessment of Sensory Nerve Fiber Sensitivity
Julia Finkel Nerve Pain
This pilot study utilizes a unique technology to determine nerve fiber sensitivity. This will allow us to determine whether this method and device can discern changes in pain intensity and type, which is predicated on differing nerve fiber sensitivities. expand

This pilot study utilizes a unique technology to determine nerve fiber sensitivity. This will allow us to determine whether this method and device can discern changes in pain intensity and type, which is predicated on differing nerve fiber sensitivities.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Jun 2018

open study

A Multicenter Access and Distribution Protocol for Unlicensed Cryopreserved Cord Blood Units (CBUs)
Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research Hematologic Malignancies Inherited Disorders of Metabolism Inherited Abnormalities of Platelets Histiocytic Disorders Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML or ANLL)
This study is an access and distribution protocol for unlicensed cryopreserved cord blood units (CBUs) in pediatric and adult patients with hematologic malignancies and other indications. expand

This study is an access and distribution protocol for unlicensed cryopreserved cord blood units (CBUs) in pediatric and adult patients with hematologic malignancies and other indications.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Oct 2011

open study

Remodulin as Add-on Therapy for the Treatment of Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn
United Therapeutics Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn
This pilot study aims to assess the safety and treatment effect of acute dosing with IV Remodulin in neonates with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). expand

This pilot study aims to assess the safety and treatment effect of acute dosing with IV Remodulin in neonates with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2015

open study

T-Lymphocytes for Prevention or Treatment of Viral Infections Following Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Children's National Research Institute Viral Infections Bone Marrow Transplant Infection
This Phase I dose-escalation trial is designed to evaluate the safety of rapidly generated multivirus-specific T-cell products with antiviral activity against CMV, EBV, adenovirus, HHV6, BK virus, JC virus, and human parainfluenza-3 (HPIV3), derived from eligible HSCT donors.... expand

This Phase I dose-escalation trial is designed to evaluate the safety of rapidly generated multivirus-specific T-cell products with antiviral activity against CMV, EBV, adenovirus, HHV6, BK virus, JC virus, and human parainfluenza-3 (HPIV3), derived from eligible HSCT donors. In this trial, the investigators will utilize a rapid generation protocol for broad spectrum multivirus-specific T cells for infusion to recipients of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT), who are at risk of developing EBV, CMV, adenovirus, HHV6, BKV and/or HPIV3, or with PCR/culture confirmed infection(s). These cells will be derived from HSCT donors, and the study agent will be assessed at each dose for evidence of dose-limiting toxicities (DLT). This study will have two arms: Arm A will include patients who receive prophylactic treatment, and Arm B will include patients who receive VSTs for one or more active infections with targeted viruses. Determination of the study arm will be determined by the patient's clinical status. Study arms will each be analyzed for safety endpoints and secondary endpoints.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Feb 2017

open study

Registry for Asthma Characterization and Recruitment 2
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Asthma
There is a need for people to take part in research studies to learn more about diseases and how to treat them. The Registry for Asthma Characterization and Recruitment 2 (RACR2) will create a database of participants with asthma and nasal allergies, or risk factors for these... expand

There is a need for people to take part in research studies to learn more about diseases and how to treat them. The Registry for Asthma Characterization and Recruitment 2 (RACR2) will create a database of participants with asthma and nasal allergies, or risk factors for these conditions, who are potentially eligible for future Inner City Asthma Consortium (ICAC) trials. The registry database will include assessments of various asthma and allergy characteristics to achieve a more efficient, selective recruitment of these participants for other protocols.

Type: Observational [Patient Registry]

Start Date: Jun 2015

open study

Developing a Method to Objectively Measure Opioid Analgesia
Julia Finkel Analgesics, Antipyretics and Anti-Inflammatory Drugs Causing Adverse Effects in Therapeutic Use
Inappropriate prescribing is the fundamental upstream driver of the opioid epidemic. Objective measures to determine the appropriateness of an opioid intervention, provide monitoring of the therapy for adequacy of dose and detection of tolerance or hyperalgesia would eliminate... expand

Inappropriate prescribing is the fundamental upstream driver of the opioid epidemic. Objective measures to determine the appropriateness of an opioid intervention, provide monitoring of the therapy for adequacy of dose and detection of tolerance or hyperalgesia would eliminate the subjective nature of opioid mediated pain management and obviate iatrogenic facilitation of opioid abuse. The present study is designed to objectively determine whether our device can pain type and determine analgesic efficacy thereby optimizing treatment selection and opioid management.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Jul 2018

open study

Allogeneic Virus-specific T Cell Lines (VSTs)
Catherine Bollard Viral Infections After HSCT
The primary purpose of the study is to evaluate whether most closely HLA-matched multivirus-specific T cell lines obtained from a bank of allogeneic virus-specific T cell lines (VSTs) have antiviral activity against three viruses: EBV, CMV and adenovirus. Reconstitution of anti-viral... expand

The primary purpose of the study is to evaluate whether most closely HLA-matched multivirus-specific T cell lines obtained from a bank of allogeneic virus-specific T cell lines (VSTs) have antiviral activity against three viruses: EBV, CMV and adenovirus. Reconstitution of anti-viral immunity by donor-derived VSTs has shown promise in preventing and treating infections associated with CMV, EBV and adenovirus post-transplant. However, the time taken to prepare patient-specific products and lack of virus-specific memory T cells in cord blood and seronegative donors, limits their value. An alternative is to use banked partially HLA-matched allogeneic VSTs. A prior phase II study at our institution using trivirus-specific VSTs generated using monocytes and EBV-transformed B cells gene-modified with a clinical grade adenoviral vector expressing CMV-pp65 to activate and expand specific T cells showed the feasibility, safety and activity of this approach for the treatment of refractory CMV, EBV and Adenovirus infections. However, the production process was lengthy, requiring 8-12 weeks, with exposure to biohazards (B95.8 EBV viral strain and adenovector), while antigenic competition between different viral components precluded increasing the spectrum of specificity beyond these three viruses. Investigator have overcome these limitations and in the current trial, they will evaluate whether rapidly generated, allogeneic most closely HLA-matched multivirus-specific VSTs, activated using overlapping peptide libraries spanning immunogenic antigens from CMV, adenovirus and EBV will be safe and produce anti-viral effects in allogeneic HSCT recipients infected with one of more of the targeted viruses that are persistent despite conventional anti-viral therapy. The study agent will be assessed for safety (stopping rules defined) and antiviral activity.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Oct 2014

open study

Clinical Feasibility Study of Preoperative Surgical Planning
Gary F. Rogers, MD Craniosynostoses
Most children diagnosed with craniosynostosis undergo a relatively extensive cranial vault remodeling procedure. The decision of performing surgical cranial shape correction for patients with craniosynostosis typically rests on a subjective visual assessment of the severity of... expand

Most children diagnosed with craniosynostosis undergo a relatively extensive cranial vault remodeling procedure. The decision of performing surgical cranial shape correction for patients with craniosynostosis typically rests on a subjective visual assessment of the severity of the cranial malformation and the main goal of this procedure is to reduce the risk of elevated intracranial pressure and to provide a more normal cranial shape and volume. Personalized surgical planning systems to optimize intervention and leverage surgical expertise in the reconstruction of the cranial vault do not exist. Thus, the expertise of the surgeon is paramount for the success of the surgical correction of craniosynostosis. The goal of our project is to evaluate the feasibility and utility of a surgical plan derived from software developed at Children's National, iCSPlan.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2020

open study

Palbociclib in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Rb Positive Advanced Solid Tumors, Non-Hodgkin...
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Advanced Malignant Solid Neoplasm Recurrent Childhood Ependymoma Recurrent Ewing Sarcoma Recurrent Glioma Recurrent Hepatoblastoma
This phase II Pediatric MATCH trial studies how well palbociclib works in treating patients with Rb positive solid tumors, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, or histiocytic disorders with activating alterations (mutations) in cell cycle genes that have spread to other places in the body and... expand

This phase II Pediatric MATCH trial studies how well palbociclib works in treating patients with Rb positive solid tumors, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, or histiocytic disorders with activating alterations (mutations) in cell cycle genes that have spread to other places in the body and have come back or do not respond to treatment. Palbociclib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jun 2018

open study

Technical Development for Pediatric Cardiovascular MRI
Children's National Research Institute Congenital Heart Disease Cardiovascular Disease
This study will explore new ways of using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to evaluate pediatric patients with cardiovascular disease,congenital heart disease in patients of all ages, fetuses undergoing clinically indicated MR imaging. expand

This study will explore new ways of using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to evaluate pediatric patients with cardiovascular disease,congenital heart disease in patients of all ages, fetuses undergoing clinically indicated MR imaging.

Type: Observational

Start Date: May 2013

open study

Olaparib in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Advanced Solid Tumors, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma,...
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Advanced Malignant Solid Neoplasm Ann Arbor Stage III Childhood Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Ann Arbor Stage IV Childhood Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Low Grade Glioma Malignant Glioma
This phase II Pediatric MATCH trial studies how well olaparib works in treating patients with solid tumors, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, or histiocytic disorders with defects in deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) damage repair genes that have spread to other places in the body (advanced) and... expand

This phase II Pediatric MATCH trial studies how well olaparib works in treating patients with solid tumors, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, or histiocytic disorders with defects in deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) damage repair genes that have spread to other places in the body (advanced) and have come back (relapsed) or do not respond to treatment (refractory). Olaparib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2017

open study

Neuroimaging and Neuropsychological Outcomes in Urea Cycle Disorders
Children's National Research Institute Urea Cycle Disorders
In proximal urea cycle disorders (UCD), particularly ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency (OTCD), hyperammonemia (HA) causes increased brain glutamine (Gln) which perturbation is thought to be at the core of the neurological injury. In contrast, in distal UCD such as citrullinemia... expand

In proximal urea cycle disorders (UCD), particularly ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency (OTCD), hyperammonemia (HA) causes increased brain glutamine (Gln) which perturbation is thought to be at the core of the neurological injury. In contrast, in distal UCD such as citrullinemia (argininosuccinate synthetase deficiency; (ASSD) and argininosuccinic aciduria (argininosuccinate lyase deficiency); (ASLD) cognitive impairment and neuropsychiatric disease are common even in the absence of acute HA. As a consequence, both citrulline and argininosuccinate (ASA) or their metabolic products have been implicated as neurotoxic. In this project the investigators will use state-of- the-art neuroimaging and neuropsychological methods to investigate whether patients with OTCD have chronically elevated brain Gln and reduced myo-inositol (mI) levels that correlate with regional brain structural abnormalities and neurocognitive dysfunction. The researchers will further investigate whether during an acute episode of HA elevated brain Gln and decreased mI levels correlate with the magnitude of cytotoxic edema and whether a Gln/mI ratio threshold can be identified at which the cytotoxic edema is followed by cell loss. Finally, the researchers will investigate whether regions of brain damage in ASSD and/or ASLD are distinct from those in OTCD and compare brain Gln levels in ASSD and ASLD in the absence of HA to those in OTCD. The investigators will also seek to determine if brain citrulline and ASA can be identified in the brains of patients with distal UCD and whether they correlate with brain abnormalities seen in MRI and neuropsychological testing. This project will elucidate the chronology of brain pathology both in acute hyperammonemia and chronic UCD and whether, proximal and distal UCD differ in their pathophysiology of brain damage.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Aug 2016

open study

A Study to Investigate Blinatumomab in Combination With Chemotherapy in Patients With Newly Diagnosed...
National Cancer Institute (NCI) B Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia B Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Down Syndrome
This phase III trial studies how well blinatumomab works in combination with chemotherapy in treating patients with newly diagnosed, standard risk B-lymphoblastic leukemia or B-lymphoblastic lymphoma with or without Down syndrome. Monoclonal antibodies, such as blinatumomab,... expand

This phase III trial studies how well blinatumomab works in combination with chemotherapy in treating patients with newly diagnosed, standard risk B-lymphoblastic leukemia or B-lymphoblastic lymphoma with or without Down syndrome. Monoclonal antibodies, such as blinatumomab, may induce changes in the body's immune system and may interfere with the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as vincristine, dexamethasone, prednisone, prednisolone, pegaspargase, methotrexate, cytarabine, mercaptopurine, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, and thioguanine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Leucovorin decreases the toxic effects of methotrexate. Giving monoclonal antibody therapy with chemotherapy may kill more cancer cells. Giving blinatumomab and combination chemotherapy may work better than combination chemotherapy alone in treating patients with B-ALL. This trial also assigns patients into different chemotherapy treatment regimens based on risk (the chance of cancer returning after treatment). Treating patients with chemotherapy based on risk may help doctors decide which patients can best benefit from which chemotherapy treatment regimens.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jun 2019

open study

Phase 2 Study of Alisertib Therapy for Rhabdoid Tumors
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital Malignant Rhabdoid Tumor Atypical Teratoid Rhabdoid Tumor
This study incorporates alisertib, the small-molecule inhibitor of Aurora A activity, in the treatment of patients younger than 22 years of age. Patients with recurrent or refractory AT/RT or MRT will receive alisertib as a single agent. Patients with newly diagnosed AT/RT will... expand

This study incorporates alisertib, the small-molecule inhibitor of Aurora A activity, in the treatment of patients younger than 22 years of age. Patients with recurrent or refractory AT/RT or MRT will receive alisertib as a single agent. Patients with newly diagnosed AT/RT will receive alisertib as part of age- and risk-adapted chemotherapy. Radiation therapy will be given to children ≥12 months of age. Patients with AT/RT and concurrent extra-CNS MRT are eligible. Alisertib will be administered as a single agent on days 1-7 of each 21-day cycle in all recurrent patients enrolled on Stratum A. For the patients on the newly diagnosed strata (B, C or D), alisertib will be administered in sequence with chemotherapy and radiotherapy. This study has 3 primary strata: (A) children with recurrent/progressive AT/RT or extra-CNS MRT, (B) children < 36 months-old with newly diagnosed AT/RT, (C) children > 36 months old with newly diagnosed AT/RT. Children with concurrent MRT will be treated according to age and risk stratification schemes outlined for strata B and C and will have additional treatment for local control. Children with synchronous AT/RT will be treated with age and CNS risk-appropriate therapy, and also receive surgery and/or radiation therapy for local control of the non-CNS tumor. PRIMARY OBJECTIVES - To estimate the sustained objective response rate and disease stabilization in pediatric patients with recurrent or progressive AT/RT (atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor in the CNS) (Stratum A1) treated with alisertib and to determine if the response is sufficient to merit continued investigation of alisertib in this population. - To estimate the sustained objective response rate and disease stabilization in pediatric patients with recurrent or progressive extra-CNS MRT (malignant rhabdoid tumor outside the CNS) (Stratum A2) treated with alisertib and to determine if the response is sufficient to merit continued investigation of alisertib in this population. - To estimate the 3-year PFS rate of patients with newly diagnosed AT/RT who are younger than 36 months of age at diagnosis with no metastatic disease (Stratum B1) treated with alisertib in sequence with induction and consolidation chemotherapy and radiation therapy (depending on age) and to determine if the rates are sufficient to merit continued investigation of alisertib in this population. - To estimate the 1-year PFS rate of patients with newly diagnosed AT/RT who are younger than 36 months of age at diagnosis, with metastatic disease (Stratum B2) treated with alisertib in sequence with induction and consolidation chemotherapy and to determine if the rates are sufficient to merit continued investigation of alisertib in this population. - To estimate the 3-year PFS rate of patients with newly diagnosed AT/RT who are 3 years of age or greater at diagnosis with no metastatic disease and gross total resection or near total resection (Stratum C1) treated with alisertib in sequence with radiation therapy and consolidation chemotherapy and to determine if the rates are sufficient to merit continued investigation of alisertib in this population. - To estimate the 1-year PFS rate of patients with newly diagnosed AT/RT who are 3 years of age or greater at diagnosis with metastatic or residual disease (Stratum C2) treated with alisertib in sequence with radiation therapy and consolidation chemotherapy and to determine if the rates are sufficient to merit continued investigation of alisertib in this population. - To characterize the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of alisertib in pediatric patients and to relate drug disposition to toxicity. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES - To estimate the duration of objective response and PFS in patients with recurrent/progressive AT/RT and MRT (Strata A1 and A2). - To estimate PFS and OS distributions in patients with newly diagnosed AT/RT (Strata B1, B2, B3, C1 and C2). - To describe toxicities experienced by patients treated on this trial, specifically any toxicities of alisertib when administered as a single agent or in combination with other therapy over multiple courses and toxicities related to proton or photon radiation therapy. - To describe the patterns of local and distant failure in newly diagnosed patients (Strata B1, B2, B3, C1 and C2). Local control relative to primary-site radiation therapy, with criteria for infield, marginal, or distant failure will also be reported descriptively.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2014

open study

Study of Tozuleristide and the Canvas Imaging System in Pediatric Subjects With CNS Tumors Undergoing...
Blaze Bioscience Inc. Pediatric Central Nervous System Tumor
Many types of cancer are primarily treated with surgery and patient survival is directly related to the extent to which the tumor is able to be removed. It is often difficult for surgeons to distinguish tumor tissue from normal tissue or to detect tumor cells that have spread... expand

Many types of cancer are primarily treated with surgery and patient survival is directly related to the extent to which the tumor is able to be removed. It is often difficult for surgeons to distinguish tumor tissue from normal tissue or to detect tumor cells that have spread from the original tumor site, resulting in incomplete removal of the tumor and reduced patient survival. In some sites, such as the brain, it is critical to avoid damage to normal tissue around the tumor to prevent adverse effects of surgery on function. Tozuleristide is a drug that is thought to attach to tumor tissue and then fluoresces (glows) when a special light from the Canvas is shined on it. It is hypothesized that tozuleristide, when imaged with the Canvas, will improve surgical outcomes by allowing surgeons to visualize the edges of the tumor or other ambiguous tissue in real-time as they operate. The purpose of this study is to evaluate how well tozuleristide imaged with Canvas work at helping to distinguish between tumor and normal tissue during surgery in pediatric primary central nervous system tumors.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2018

open study

Trametinib in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia Neurofibromatosis Type 1
This phase II trial studies how well trametinib works in treating patients with juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia that has come back or does not respond to treatment. Trametinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. expand

This phase II trial studies how well trametinib works in treating patients with juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia that has come back or does not respond to treatment. Trametinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Oct 2017

open study

A Trial of Mepolizumab Adjunctive Therapy for the Prevention of Asthma Exacerbations in Urban Children
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Asthma
The purpose of this study is to see if treatment with a medication called Nucala® (mepolizumab), given along with standard asthma care, makes children less likely to have asthma attacks. expand

The purpose of this study is to see if treatment with a medication called Nucala® (mepolizumab), given along with standard asthma care, makes children less likely to have asthma attacks.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2017

open study

Cockroach Immunotherapy in Children and Adolescents
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Persistent Asthma
Scientific evidence has shown that, over the past two decades, the combination of cockroach allergy and cockroach exposure is one of the most important factors contributing to the dramatic increase in asthma morbidity seen in inner city children with asthma. Therefore, a major... expand

Scientific evidence has shown that, over the past two decades, the combination of cockroach allergy and cockroach exposure is one of the most important factors contributing to the dramatic increase in asthma morbidity seen in inner city children with asthma. Therefore, a major goal of the Inner City Asthma Consortium (ICAC) is to evaluate the efficacy of cockroach immunotherapy in inner city asthma. The primary objective of the study is to determine if asthma severity can be improved by cockroach subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) treatment.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2018

open study