186 matching studies

Sponsor Condition of Interest
Use Of A Response-Adapted Ruxolitinib-Containing Regimen For The Treatment Of Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis
This study is a multi-site Phase Ib/II, 2-arm non-randomized clinical trial to determine the efficacy and tolerability of a response-adapted regimen combining ruxolitinib, dexamethasone, and etoposide as Frontline therapy for patients with newly diagnosed hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis... expand

This study is a multi-site Phase Ib/II, 2-arm non-randomized clinical trial to determine the efficacy and tolerability of a response-adapted regimen combining ruxolitinib, dexamethasone, and etoposide as Frontline therapy for patients with newly diagnosed hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) or as Salvage therapy for patients with relapsed/refractory HLH. Primary Objective - To determine the efficacy and tolerability of a response-adapted ruxolitinib-containing regimen for patients with newly diagnosed HLH. Secondary Objectives - To describe the efficacy and tolerability of a response-adapted ruxolitinib-containing regimen for patients with relapsed/refractory HLH. - To describe the overall response and outcome for patients with newly diagnosed or relapsed/refractory HLH who are treated with this response-adapted ruxolitinib-containing regimen. Exploratory Objectives - To estimate the pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters of ruxolitinib, assess covariates of ruxolitinib pharmacokinetics, and test whether the drug's effectiveness is correlated with systemic drug exposure. - To query specific immunologic biomarkers and determine whether the levels of these biomarkers correlate with disease response and outcome.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2021

open study

CAMPFIRE: A Study of Ramucirumab (LY3009806) in Children and Young Adults With Desmoplastic Small Round...
Eli Lilly and Company Desmoplastic Small Round Cell Tumor
This study is being conducted to test the safety and efficacy of ramucirumab in combination with other chemotherapy in the treatment of relapsed, recurrent, or refractory desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) in children and young adults. This trial is part of the CAMPFIRE... expand

This study is being conducted to test the safety and efficacy of ramucirumab in combination with other chemotherapy in the treatment of relapsed, recurrent, or refractory desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) in children and young adults. This trial is part of the CAMPFIRE master protocol which is a platform to accelerate the development of new treatments for pediatric and young adult participants with cancer. Your participation in this trial could last 12 months or longer, depending on how you and your tumor respond.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2020

open study

Inotuzumab Ozogamicin and Post-Induction Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With High-Risk B-ALL, Mixed...
Children's Oncology Group B Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia B Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Central Nervous System Leukemia Mixed Phenotype Acute Leukemia Testicular Leukemia
This phase III trial studies whether inotuzumab ozogamicin added to post-induction chemotherapy for patients with High-Risk B-cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (B-ALL) improves outcomes. This trial also studies the outcomes of patients with mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL),... expand

This phase III trial studies whether inotuzumab ozogamicin added to post-induction chemotherapy for patients with High-Risk B-cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (B-ALL) improves outcomes. This trial also studies the outcomes of patients with mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL), and B-lymphoblastic lymphoma (B-LLy) when treated with ALL therapy without inotuzumab ozogamicin. Inotuzumab ozogamicin is a monoclonal antibody, called inotuzumab, linked to a type of chemotherapy called calicheamicin. Inotuzumab attaches to cancer cells in a targeted way and delivers calicheamicin to kill them. Other drugs used in the chemotherapy regimen, such as cyclophosphamide, cytarabine, dexamethasone, doxorubicin, daunorubicin, methotrexate, leucovorin, mercaptopurine, prednisone, thioguanine, vincristine, and pegaspargase work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. This trial will also study the outcomes of patients with mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL) and disseminated B lymphoblastic lymphoma (B-LLy) when treated with high-risk ALL chemotherapy. The overall goal of this study is to understand if adding inotuzumab ozogamicin to standard of care chemotherapy maintains or improves outcomes in High Risk B-cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (HR B-ALL). The first part of the study includes the first two phases of therapy: Induction and Consolidation. This part will collect information on the leukemia, as well as the effects of the initial treatment, in order to classify patients into post-consolidation treatment groups. On the second part of this study, patients will receive the remainder of the chemotherapy cycles (interim maintenance I, delayed intensification, interim maintenance II, maintenance), with some patients randomized to receive inotuzumab. Other aims of this study include investigating whether treating both males and females with the same duration of chemotherapy maintains outcomes for males who have previously been treated for an additional year compared to girls, as well as to evaluate the best ways to help patients adhere to oral chemotherapy regimens. Finally, this study will be the first to track the outcomes of subjects with disseminated B-cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia (B LLy) or Mixed Phenotype Acute Leukemia (MPAL) when treated with B-ALL chemotherapy.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Oct 2019

open study

Testing the Safety and Tolerability of CX-4945 in Patients With Recurrent Medulloblastoma Who May or...
Pediatric Brain Tumor Consortium Medulloblastoma, Childhood
This is a multi center, Phase I, Phase II and surgical study of the CX-4945 drug (silmitasertib sodium) for patients with recurrent SHH (Sonic Hedgehog) medulloblastoma expand

This is a multi center, Phase I, Phase II and surgical study of the CX-4945 drug (silmitasertib sodium) for patients with recurrent SHH (Sonic Hedgehog) medulloblastoma

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2019

open study

Study of Efficacy and Safety of Tisagenlecleucel in HR B-ALL EOC MRD Positive Patients
Novartis Pharmaceuticals B-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
This is a single arm, open-label, multi-center, phase II study to determine the efficacy and safety of tisagenlecleucel in de novo HR pediatric and young adult B-ALL patients who received first-line treatment and are EOC MRD positive. The study will have the following sequential... expand

This is a single arm, open-label, multi-center, phase II study to determine the efficacy and safety of tisagenlecleucel in de novo HR pediatric and young adult B-ALL patients who received first-line treatment and are EOC MRD positive. The study will have the following sequential phases: screening, pre-treatment, treatment & follow-up, and survival. After tisagenlecleucel infusion, patient will have assessments performed more frequently in the first month and then at Day 29, then every 3 months for the first year, every 6 months for the second year, then yearly until the end of the study. Efficacy and safety will be assessed at study visits and as clinically indicated throughout the study. The study is expected to end in approximately 8 years after first patient first treatment (FPFT). A post-study long term follow-up for lentiviral vector safety will continue under a separate protocol per health authority guidelines.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jun 2019

open study

Safety and Efficacy of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in Children and Young Adults With Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma...
Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC Hodgkin Lymphoma
This study will examine the safety and efficacy of pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in combination with chemotherapy in children and young adults with newly diagnosed classical Hodgkin Lymphoma (cHL) who are slow early responders (SERs) to frontline chemotherapy. expand

This study will examine the safety and efficacy of pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in combination with chemotherapy in children and young adults with newly diagnosed classical Hodgkin Lymphoma (cHL) who are slow early responders (SERs) to frontline chemotherapy.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Apr 2018

open study

The Pediatric Anesthesia Quality Improvement Project
The Society for Pediatric Anesthesia Surgery Anesthesia Children
The Study is designed to collect information about adverse events that occur in children undergoing anesthesia in participating hospitals. Demographic information will be collected on all anesthetics. An analysis of each adverse event will be performed and entered into the... expand

The Study is designed to collect information about adverse events that occur in children undergoing anesthesia in participating hospitals. Demographic information will be collected on all anesthetics. An analysis of each adverse event will be performed and entered into the database. From this information we will devise strategies to prevent these adverse events.

Type: Observational [Patient Registry]

Start Date: Feb 2008

open study

Feasibility Trial of a Mindfulness Based Intervention in Youth With Type 1 Diabetes
Children's National Research Institute type1diabetes
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is one of the most common chronic illnesses of childhood. The involved treatment regimen, including daily insulin administration/pump management, frequent blood glucose checks, and careful track-ing of food intake, places a high-stress burden on patients... expand

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is one of the most common chronic illnesses of childhood. The involved treatment regimen, including daily insulin administration/pump management, frequent blood glucose checks, and careful track-ing of food intake, places a high-stress burden on patients and their families. Adolescence is a particularly risky time for T1D management given a marked decline in treatment adherence and glycemic control. Over 80% of adolescents with T1D have poor glycemic control (A1c >7.5%), and one significant risk factor is the increase in negative affectivity, including depression and anxiety symptoms, that distinguish adolescents with T1D. Elevated depression and anxiety symptoms affect 40% of teens with T1D. Preliminary data support the notion that negative affectivity contributes to diminished treatment adherence and worsening of glycemic control, partially through the effects of negative affectivity on stress-related behavior such as maladaptive eating behavior (e.g., dietary restriction, uncontrolled eating patterns, and insulin omission for weight control). Unfortunately, there is no gold-standard approach to address the poor glycemic control seen in adolescents with T1D. The creation of novel, targeted interventions, tailored for the developmental needs of adolescents with T1D and the particular burdens of coping with their chronic illness, are needed. Mindfulness-based interventions delivered to adolescents without T1D, including the team's preliminary work in teens with depression and weight-related disorders, have shown promise in treating negative affectivity, maladaptive eating behavior, and health outcomes. A mindfulness-based approach may be well-suited for adolescents with T1D, but given that the mechanisms of association among negative affectivity, stress-related behavior, and self-care are unique to individuals with T1D, interventions must be specifically tailored for this population. The goal of this study is to, therefore, adapt an existing 6-session mindfulness-based intervention, Learning to BREATHE, for use with adolescents with T1D (BREATHE-T1D). The first specific aim of the study is to adapt BREATHE for adolescents with T1D and to adapt a relevant and credible health education comparison curriculum (HealthEd-T1D). The second aim is to carry out a 2-way pilot randomized controlled trial to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of BREATHE-T1D and HealthEd-T1D. The result of the current study will be a feasible and acceptable mindfulness intervention and comparison curriculum that can be evaluated in an efficacy trial. The multidisciplinary study team contributes complementary areas of expertise in adolescents with T1D, behavioral intervention development, negative affectivity and maladaptive eating behavior, adolescent mindfulness-based intervention, qualitative data analysis, and delivery of behavioral health interventions via telehealth. The study's innovative approach will enable the investigators to establish a feasible/acceptable intervention tailored for adolescents with T1D, leading to a future proposal for a full-scale efficacy trial.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2022

open study

Elimusertib for the Treatment of Relapsed or Refractory Solid Tumors
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Recurrent Alveolar Rhabdomyosarcoma Recurrent Ewing Sarcoma Recurrent Lymphoma Recurrent Malignant Solid Neoplasm Refractory Alveolar Rhabdomyosarcoma
This phase I/II trial tests the safety, best dose, and whether elimusertib works in treating patients with solid tumors that have come back (relapsed) or does not respond to treatment (refractory). Elimusertib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes... expand

This phase I/II trial tests the safety, best dose, and whether elimusertib works in treating patients with solid tumors that have come back (relapsed) or does not respond to treatment (refractory). Elimusertib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2021

open study

Tegavivint for the Treatment of Recurrent or Refractory Solid Tumors, Including Lymphomas and Desmoid...
Children's Oncology Group Colorectal Carcinoma Endometrial Carcinoma Melanoma Neuroblastoma Ovarian Carcinoma
This phase I/II trial evaluates the highest safe dose, side effects, and possible benefits of tegavivint in treating patients with solid tumors that has come back (recurrent) or does not respond to treatment (refractory). Tegavivint interferes with the binding of beta-catenin to... expand

This phase I/II trial evaluates the highest safe dose, side effects, and possible benefits of tegavivint in treating patients with solid tumors that has come back (recurrent) or does not respond to treatment (refractory). Tegavivint interferes with the binding of beta-catenin to TBL1, which may help stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking the signals passed from one molecule to another inside a cell that tell a cell to grow.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Oct 2021

open study

Phase 2 Study of LUM-201 in Children With Growth Hormone Deficiency (OraGrowtH210 Trial)
Lumos Pharma Growth Hormone Deficiency
This is a multi-national trial. The goals of the trial are to study LUM-201 as a possible treatment for Pediatric Growth Hormone Deficiency (PGHD) and investigate a predictive enrichment marker (PEM) strategy to select subjects likely to respond to therapy with LUM-201.... expand

This is a multi-national trial. The goals of the trial are to study LUM-201 as a possible treatment for Pediatric Growth Hormone Deficiency (PGHD) and investigate a predictive enrichment marker (PEM) strategy to select subjects likely to respond to therapy with LUM-201.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2020

open study

A Study to Compare Standard Chemotherapy to Therapy With CPX-351 and/or Gilteritinib for Patients With...
Children's Oncology Group Acute Myeloid Leukemia
This phase III trial compares standard chemotherapy to therapy with liposome-encapsulated daunorubicin-cytarabine (CPX-351) and/or gilteritinib for patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia with or without FLT3 mutations. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as daunorubicin,... expand

This phase III trial compares standard chemotherapy to therapy with liposome-encapsulated daunorubicin-cytarabine (CPX-351) and/or gilteritinib for patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia with or without FLT3 mutations. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as daunorubicin, cytarabine, and gemtuzumab ozogamicin, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. CPX-351 is made up of daunorubicin and cytarabine and is made in a way that makes the drugs stay in the bone marrow longer and could be less likely to cause heart problems than traditional anthracycline drugs, a common class of chemotherapy drug. Some acute myeloid leukemia patients have an abnormality in the structure of a gene called FLT3. Genes are pieces of DNA (molecules that carry instructions for development, functioning, growth and reproduction) inside each cell that tell the cell what to do and when to grow and divide. FLT3 plays an important role in the normal making of blood cells. This gene can have permanent changes that cause it to function abnormally by making cancer cells grow. Gilteritinib may block the abnormal function of the FLT3 gene that makes cancer cells grow. The overall goals of this study are, 1) to compare the effects, good and/or bad, of CPX-351 with daunorubicin and cytarabine on people with newly diagnosed AML to find out which is better, 2) to study the effects, good and/or bad, of adding gilteritinib to AML therapy for patients with high amounts of FLT3/ITD or other FLT3 mutations and 3) to study changes in heart function during and after treatment for AML. Giving CPX-351 and/or gilteritinib with standard chemotherapy may work better in treating patients with acute myeloid leukemia compared to standard chemotherapy alone.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2020

open study

Immunotherapy (Nivolumab or Brentuximab Vedotin) Plus Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With...
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Ann Arbor Stage III Hodgkin Lymphoma Ann Arbor Stage III Lymphocyte-Depleted Classic Hodgkin Lymphoma Ann Arbor Stage III Mixed Cellularity Classic Hodgkin Lymphoma Ann Arbor Stage III Nodular Sclerosis Classic Hodgkin Lymphoma Ann Arbor Stage IIIA Hodgkin Lymphoma
This phase III trial compares immunotherapy drugs (nivolumab or brentuximab vedotin) when given with combination chemotherapy in treating patients with newly diagnosed stage III or IV classic Hodgkin lymphoma. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may... expand

This phase III trial compares immunotherapy drugs (nivolumab or brentuximab vedotin) when given with combination chemotherapy in treating patients with newly diagnosed stage III or IV classic Hodgkin lymphoma. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Brentuximab vedotin is a monoclonal antibody, brentuximab, linked to a toxic agent called vedotin. Brentuximab attaches to cancer cells in a targeted way and delivers vedotin to kill them. Chemotherapy drugs, such as doxorubicin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. The addition of nivolumab or brentuximab vedotin to combination chemotherapy may shrink the cancer or extend the time without disease symptoms coming back.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2019

open study

Childhood Cancer Survivor Study
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital Cancer
The Childhood Cancer Survivor Study (CCSS) will investigate the long-term effects of cancer and its associated therapies. A retrospective cohort study will be conducted through a multi-institutional collaboration, which will involve the identification and active follow-up... expand

The Childhood Cancer Survivor Study (CCSS) will investigate the long-term effects of cancer and its associated therapies. A retrospective cohort study will be conducted through a multi-institutional collaboration, which will involve the identification and active follow-up of a cohort of approximately 50,000 survivors of cancer, diagnosed before 21 years of age, between 1970 and 1999 and 10,000 sibling controls. This project will study children and young adults exposed to specific therapeutic modalities, including radiation, chemotherapy, and/or surgery, who are at increased risk of late-occurring adverse health outcomes. A group of sibling controls will be identified and data collected for comparison purposes.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Jan 1995

open study

Neoadjuvant Dual Checkpoint Inhibition and Cryoablation in Relapsed/Refractory Pediatric Solid Tumors
Children's National Research Institute Osteosarcoma Ewing Sarcoma Rhabdomyosarcoma Relapsed Pediatric Solid Tumor Refractory Pediatric Solid Tumor
The is a phase II, single arm, open-label, multi-site trial studying the combination of cryoablation therapy and dual checkpoint inhibition with nivolumab (anti-PD-1) and ipilimumab (anti-CTLA-4) given at the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) in pediatric and young adult patients... expand

The is a phase II, single arm, open-label, multi-site trial studying the combination of cryoablation therapy and dual checkpoint inhibition with nivolumab (anti-PD-1) and ipilimumab (anti-CTLA-4) given at the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) in pediatric and young adult patients with relapsed or refractory solid tumors.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Feb 2022

open study

Nivolumab in Combination With Chemo-Immunotherapy for the Treatment of Newly Diagnosed Primary Mediastinal...
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Primary Mediastinal (Thymic) Large B-Cell Lymphoma
This phase III trial compares the effects of nivolumab with chemo-immunotherapy versus chemo-immunotherapy alone in treating patients with newly diagnosed primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBCL). Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may help the... expand

This phase III trial compares the effects of nivolumab with chemo-immunotherapy versus chemo-immunotherapy alone in treating patients with newly diagnosed primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBCL). Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Treatment for PMBCL involves chemotherapy combined with an immunotherapy called rituximab. Chemotherapy drugs work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Rituximab is a monoclonal antibody. It binds to a protein called CD20, which is found on B cells (a type of white blood cell) and some types of cancer cells. This may help the immune system kill cancer cells. Giving nivolumab with chemo-immunotherapy may help treat patients with PMBCL.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jun 2021

open study

Research Study Utilizing Expanded Multi-antigen Specific Lymphocytes for the Treatment of Solid Tumors
Children's National Research Institute Solid Tumors
Patients with high-risk solid tumors, those that are refractory to standard up front therapy or relapse after completion of therapy, have a very poor prognosis despite attempts to induce remission with salvage regimen. Novel therapies are critical for this patient population with... expand

Patients with high-risk solid tumors, those that are refractory to standard up front therapy or relapse after completion of therapy, have a very poor prognosis despite attempts to induce remission with salvage regimen. Novel therapies are critical for this patient population with high-risk cancer. The ability of tumors to be recognized and lysed by the immune system offers a unique opportunity to aid in tumor eradication by expanding and activating these anti-tumor cells. Through this ability to harness sophisticated and specific immunotherapy, residual or relapsed disease that is resistant to chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy could be eradicated. Prior studies have suggested both safety of expanded specific T cells and efficacy in the setting of melanoma, lymphoma or viral eradication. While this therapy has previously been limited by the versatility of the tumor to down-regulate antigens and evade a single immune-target, the use of multi-antigen specific T cells may permit better and more durable anti-tumor immunity. Thus, the investigators propose to infuse these specific multi-antigen anti-tumor T lymphocytes into patients with high risk solid tumors. This trial will be conducted to demonstrate safety of these cells and generate efficacy and biology data that may be important for future studies that may enhance tumor immunotherapy.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2016

open study

Phase 2 Study of Alisertib Therapy for Rhabdoid Tumors
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital Malignant Rhabdoid Tumor Atypical Teratoid Rhabdoid Tumor
This study incorporates alisertib, the small-molecule inhibitor of Aurora A activity, in the treatment of patients younger than 22 years of age. Patients with recurrent or refractory AT/RT or MRT will receive alisertib as a single agent. Patients with newly diagnosed AT/RT... expand

This study incorporates alisertib, the small-molecule inhibitor of Aurora A activity, in the treatment of patients younger than 22 years of age. Patients with recurrent or refractory AT/RT or MRT will receive alisertib as a single agent. Patients with newly diagnosed AT/RT will receive alisertib as part of age- and risk-adapted chemotherapy. Radiation therapy will be given to children ≥12 months of age. Patients with AT/RT and concurrent extra-CNS MRT are eligible. Alisertib will be administered as a single agent on days 1-7 of each 21-day cycle in all recurrent patients enrolled on Stratum A. For the patients on the newly diagnosed strata (B, C or D), alisertib will be administered in sequence with chemotherapy and radiotherapy. This study has 3 primary strata: (A) children with recurrent/progressive AT/RT or extra-CNS MRT, (B) children < 36 months-old with newly diagnosed AT/RT, (C) children > 36 months old with newly diagnosed AT/RT. Children with concurrent MRT will be treated according to age and risk stratification schemes outlined for strata B and C and will have additional treatment for local control. Children with synchronous AT/RT will be treated with age and CNS risk-appropriate therapy, and also receive surgery and/or radiation therapy for local control of the non-CNS tumor. PRIMARY OBJECTIVES - To estimate the sustained objective response rate and disease stabilization in pediatric patients with recurrent or progressive AT/RT (atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor in the CNS) (Stratum A1) treated with alisertib and to determine if the response is sufficient to merit continued investigation of alisertib in this population. - To estimate the sustained objective response rate and disease stabilization in pediatric patients with recurrent or progressive extra-CNS MRT (malignant rhabdoid tumor outside the CNS) (Stratum A2) treated with alisertib and to determine if the response is sufficient to merit continued investigation of alisertib in this population. - To estimate the 3-year PFS rate of patients with newly diagnosed AT/RT who are younger than 36 months of age at diagnosis with no metastatic disease (Stratum B1) treated with alisertib in sequence with induction and consolidation chemotherapy and radiation therapy (depending on age) and to determine if the rates are sufficient to merit continued investigation of alisertib in this population. - To estimate the 1-year PFS rate of patients with newly diagnosed AT/RT who are younger than 36 months of age at diagnosis, with metastatic disease (Stratum B2) treated with alisertib in sequence with induction and consolidation chemotherapy and to determine if the rates are sufficient to merit continued investigation of alisertib in this population. - To estimate the 3-year PFS rate of patients with newly diagnosed AT/RT who are 3 years of age or greater at diagnosis with no metastatic disease and gross total resection or near total resection (Stratum C1) treated with alisertib in sequence with radiation therapy and consolidation chemotherapy and to determine if the rates are sufficient to merit continued investigation of alisertib in this population. - To estimate the 1-year PFS rate of patients with newly diagnosed AT/RT who are 3 years of age or greater at diagnosis with metastatic or residual disease (Stratum C2) treated with alisertib in sequence with radiation therapy and consolidation chemotherapy and to determine if the rates are sufficient to merit continued investigation of alisertib in this population. - To characterize the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of alisertib in pediatric patients and to relate drug disposition to toxicity. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES - To estimate the duration of objective response and PFS in patients with recurrent/progressive AT/RT and MRT (Strata A1 and A2). - To estimate PFS and OS distributions in patients with newly diagnosed AT/RT (Strata B1, B2, B3, C1 and C2). - To describe toxicities experienced by patients treated on this trial, specifically any toxicities of alisertib when administered as a single agent or in combination with other therapy over multiple courses and toxicities related to proton or photon radiation therapy. - To describe the patterns of local and distant failure in newly diagnosed patients (Strata B1, B2, B3, C1 and C2). Local control relative to primary-site radiation therapy, with criteria for infield, marginal, or distant failure will also be reported descriptively.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2014

open study

Natural History and Biospecimen Acquisition for Children and Adults With Rare Solid Tumors
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Malignant Solid Tumors Other Neoplasms Solid Tumors Pediatric Solid Tumor Refractory Solid Tumors Solid Tumor
Background: Approximately 150 cases of cancer per one million per year are considered rare cancers. While all tumors originate from genetic changes, a small percentage of these tumors are familial. Researchers want to study these changes in biological samples from people... expand

Background: Approximately 150 cases of cancer per one million per year are considered rare cancers. While all tumors originate from genetic changes, a small percentage of these tumors are familial. Researchers want to study these changes in biological samples from people with rare tumors in order to learn more about how these tumors develop. The information obtained from this study may lead to improved screening, preventive guidelines, and treatments. Objective: To better understand rare cancers and hereditary cancer syndromes. Eligibility: People who have a rare tumor, a family history of a rare tumor, a hereditary cancer syndrome, or a mutation that leads to rare tumors. Design: Participants will be screened with questions about their medical history and/or that of their family members. They will give a saliva sample. Participants who have a tumor will have their medical records and tests reviewed. They will answer questions about their wellbeing and needs. They may provide a tumor tissue sample. Participants may also have: - Physical exam - Clinical photography - Blood, urine, saliva, and stool samples taken - Consultation with specialists - A scan that produces a picture of the body. Either one that uses a small amount of radiation, or one that uses a magnetic field. - Genetic testing/genetic counseling. Participants will be contacted once a year. They will answer updated questions about their medical and family history. Participants will be asked to contact the study team if there are changes in their tumors. Participants may be invited to join focus groups for people with the same diagnosis of rare tumors. Participants may be invited to participate in other NIH protocols. **************************************** **************************************** RARE TUMOR LIST: 1. Acinar cell carcinoma of the pancreas 2. Adamantinoma 3. Adenosqaumous carcinoma of the pancreas 4. Adrenocortical carcinoma 5. Alveolar soft part sarcoma 6. Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer 7. Angiosarcoma 8. Atypical Teratoid Rhabdoid Tumor/MRT 9. Carcinoid 10. Carcinoma of Unknown Primary 11. Chondrosarcoma 12. Chondromyxoid fibroma 13. Chordoma 14. Clear cell renal carcinoma 15. Clear Cell Sarcoma 16. Clear cell sarcoma of kidney 17. Conventional chordoma 18. Dedifferentiated chordoma 19. Desmoid 20. Desmoplastic small round cell tumor 21. Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma 22. Esthenioneuroblastoma 23. Ewing Sarcoma 24. Fibrolamellar carcinoma 25. Fusion negative rhabdomyosarcoma 26. Fusion positive renal cell carcinoma 27. Fusion positive rhabdomyosarcoma 28. Gastro-enteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumor 29. Hepatoblastoma 30. Hereditary Diffuse Gastric Cancer 31. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor 32. Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma 33. Malignant ectomesenchymal tumor 34. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor 35. Malignant triton tumor 36. Medullary thyroid cancer 37. Mixed acinar adenocarcinoma 38. Mixed acinar neuroendocrine carcinoma 39. Myxoid Liposarcoma 40. Neuroblastoma 41. Neuroendocrine tumors 42. NUT midline carcinoma 43. Osteosarcoma 44. Pancreas ductal adenocarcinoma with squamous features 45. Pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma 46. Papillary renal cell carcinoma 47. Paraganglioma 48. Parosteal Osteosarcoma 49. Periosteal Osteosarcoma 50. Peripheral nerve sheath tumor 51. Peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor 52. Pheochromocytoma 53. Pituitary cancer 54. Poorly differentiated chordoma 55. Renal medullary carcinoma 56. Rhabdomyosarcoma 57. Round cell Liposarcoma 58. Schwannoma 59. Sclerosing Epithelioid Fibrosarcoma 60. SDH deficient GIST 61. SMARCB1 deficient tumors 62. SMARCA4 deficient tumors 63. Synovial sarcoma 64. Undifferentiated Sarcoma **************************************** ****************************************

Type: Observational

Start Date: Jan 2019

open study

Brentuximab Vedotin and Nivolumab With or Without Ipilimumab in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory...
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Recurrent Classic Hodgkin Lymphoma Refractory Classic Hodgkin Lymphoma
This phase I/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of ipilimumab and nivolumab when given together with brentuximab vedotin, and how well they work in treating patients with Hodgkin lymphoma that has returned after a period of improvement (recurrent) or has not responded... expand

This phase I/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of ipilimumab and nivolumab when given together with brentuximab vedotin, and how well they work in treating patients with Hodgkin lymphoma that has returned after a period of improvement (recurrent) or has not responded to previous treatment (refractory). Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as ipilimumab and nivolumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Brentuximab vedotin is a monoclonal antibody, brentuximab, linked to a toxic agent called vedotin. Brentuximab attaches to CD30 positive cancer cells in a targeted way and delivers vedotin to kill them. It is not known whether giving brentuximab vedotin and nivolumab with or without ipilimumab may kill more cancer cells.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2014

open study

NOURISH-T+: Promoting Healthy Eating and Exercise Behaviors
University of South Florida Obesity, Childhood Cancer Survivorship
Pediatric cancer survivors are at an increased risk of excessive weight gain and reduced exercise behaviors with the potential for this risk to worsen over time. With over 80% of pediatric cancer patients living to adulthood, many pediatric cancer survivors experience long-term... expand

Pediatric cancer survivors are at an increased risk of excessive weight gain and reduced exercise behaviors with the potential for this risk to worsen over time. With over 80% of pediatric cancer patients living to adulthood, many pediatric cancer survivors experience long-term health consequences such as heart disease - the leading cause of death in this population. The purpose of this clinical research study is to teach parents/caregivers skills that will help prevent and reduce the problems of obesity in childhood cancer survivors. In this study, parents have the opportunity to participate in one of two web-based groups in which parents in either group will learn valuable information to improve the health of their child and of themselves.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2020

open study

Clinical Study of the Solo+ Tympanostomy Tube Device
AventaMed DAC Ear Infection Otitis Media
The objective of this study is to evaluate the safety and performance of the Solo+ Tympanostomy Tube Device for the placement of tympanostomy tubes (grommets) in paediatric patients undergoing a tympanostomy procedure expand

The objective of this study is to evaluate the safety and performance of the Solo+ Tympanostomy Tube Device for the placement of tympanostomy tubes (grommets) in paediatric patients undergoing a tympanostomy procedure

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Feb 2021

open study

Study to Evaluate the Effect of GBT440 in Pediatrics With Sickle Cell Disease
Global Blood Therapeutics Sickle Cell Disease
This study consists of four parts, Parts A, B, C, and D. - Part A is a single dose pharmacokinetic (PK) study in pediatric participants with Sickle Cell Disease ages 6 to 17 years. - Part B is a multiple dose, safety, exploratory, efficacy, and PK study in adolescent... expand

This study consists of four parts, Parts A, B, C, and D. - Part A is a single dose pharmacokinetic (PK) study in pediatric participants with Sickle Cell Disease ages 6 to 17 years. - Part B is a multiple dose, safety, exploratory, efficacy, and PK study in adolescent participants with Sickle Cell Disease ages 12 to 17 years. - Part C is a multiple dose, safety, tolerability, and PK study, which includes the assessment of hematological effects and the effect on TCD flow velocity of voxelotor in pediatric participants with Sickle Cell Disease ages 4 to 17 years. - Part D is a multiple dose, safety, tolerability, and PK study, which examines the hematological effects of voxelotor in pediatric participants with Sickle Cell Disease ages 6 months to < 4 years.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2016

open study

Preventing Asthma in High Risk Kids
Boston Children's Hospital Asthma
This trial is a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trial designed to test whether two years treatment of preschool children aged 2-3 years of age at high risk for asthma with omalizumab (anti-IgE) for two years will prevent the progression to childhood asthma, as... expand

This trial is a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trial designed to test whether two years treatment of preschool children aged 2-3 years of age at high risk for asthma with omalizumab (anti-IgE) for two years will prevent the progression to childhood asthma, as reflected by a reduction in the prevalence of active asthma in the Final 12 months during 2 year observation period off study drug.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2018

open study

Clinical and Laboratory Study of Methylmalonic Acidemia
National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) Organic Acidemia Methylmalonic Acidemia Inborn Errors of Metabolism
Methylmalonic acidemia (MMA), one of the most common inborn errors of organic acid metabolism, is heterogeneous in etiology and clinical manifestations. Affected patients with cblA, cblB and mut classes of MMA are medically fragile and can suffer from complications such as... expand

Methylmalonic acidemia (MMA), one of the most common inborn errors of organic acid metabolism, is heterogeneous in etiology and clinical manifestations. Affected patients with cblA, cblB and mut classes of MMA are medically fragile and can suffer from complications such as metabolic stroke or infarction of the basal ganglia, pancreatitis, end stage renal failure, growth impairment, osteoporosis, and developmental delay. The frequency of these complications and their precipitants remain undefined. Furthermore, current treatment protocol outcomes have continued to demonstrate substantial morbidity and mortality in the patient population. Increasingly, solid organ transplantation (liver, and/or kidney) has been used to treat patients. Disordered transport and intracellular metabolism of vitamin B12 produces a distinct group of disorders that feature methylmalonic acidemia as well as (hyper)homocysteinemia. These conditions are named after the corresponding cellular complementation class (cblC, cblD, cblF, cblJ and cblX) and are also heterogenous, clinically and biochemically. The genetic disorders underlying cblE and cblG feature an isolated impairment of the activity of methionine synthase, a critical enzyme involved in the conversion of homocysteine to methionine and these disorders feature (hyper)homocysteinemia. Lastly, a group of patients can have increased methylmalonic acid and/or homocysteine in the blood or urine caused by variant(s)in recently identified (ACSF3) and unknown genes. In this protocol, we will clinically evaluate patients with methylmalonic acidemia and cobalamin metabolic defects. Routine inpatient admissions will last up to 4-5 days and involve urine collection, blood drawing, ophthalmological examination, radiological procedures, MRI/MRS, skin biopsies in some, and developmental testing. In a subset of patients who have or will receive renal, hepato- or hepato-renal transplants or have an unusual variant or clinical course and have MMA, a lumbar puncture to examine CSF metabolites will be performed. In this small group of patients, CSF metabolite monitoring may be used to adjust therapy. The study objectives will be to further delineate the spectrum of phenotypes and characterize the natural history of these enzymopathies, query for genotype/enzymatic/phenotype correlations, search for new genetic causes of methylmalonic acidemia and/or homocysteinemia, identify new disease biomarkers and define clinical outcome parameters for future clinical trials. The population will consist of participants previously evaluated at NIH, physician referrals, and families directed to the study from clinicaltrials.gov as well as the Organic Acidemia Association, Homocystinuria Network America and other national and international support groups. Most participants will be evaluated only at the NIH Clinical Center. However, if the NIH team decides that a patient under the age of 2 years is a candidate subject for this research protocol, that patient may enroll at the Children s National Medical Center (CNMC) site, pending approval by Dr Chapman, the Principal Investigator of the CNMC location Individuals may also enroll in the tissue collection only part of the study at the UPMC Children s Hospital of Pittsburgh or share medical history and clinical data via telemedicine visits remotely. Outcome measures will largely be descriptive and encompass correlations between clinical, biochemical and molecular parameters.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Jun 2004

open study