Purpose

Recent advances in genomic techniques are making possible a new wave of genetic discovery in congenital heart disease (CHD). Existing data suggests that CHD occur in Sub-Saharan Africa at frequencies similar to the rest of the world. In this application, we propose to utilize the unique advantages of Sub-Saharan Africa - a combination of the most genetically diverse populations in the world and of diminished environmental background effects (i.e. low prevalence of smoking, alcohol abuse, obesity in comparison to western countries) - to better understand the genetic basis for congenital heart disease. We will couple next generation genomic techniques with more traditional gene discovery methods to investigate CHD in two African countries: Uganda and Nigeria. The inclusion of syndromic and non-syndromic CHD observed in these populations as well as careful phenotyping (including echocardiography) will greatly enhance our potential to provide insight into the genetic architecture of CHD in African populations. To accomplish this, we plan to enroll families, in whom members have congenital heart malformations consistent with an error of early human development in our research protocol. Patients will be enrolled at the Uganda Heart Institute in Kampala, Uganda, and at the Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Nigeria, with the potential to include other African sites. High throughput genomic studies will be done at the NIH.

Conditions

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Over 1 Month
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

The study will include affected individuals and their affected/or unaffected family members. Family members will include parents and siblings. The goal will to be obtaining a minimum of a trio (affected and both parents) to increase probability of finding gene mutations. Clinical criteria for inclusion is defined as presence of a congenital cardiac malformation related to errors in early human development. The diagnosis of congenital heart disease (presence of a congenital cardiac malformation thought to be related to errors in early human development) will be made by a cardiologist on our team based on echocardiogram (performed by C.S., A.B. or E.E.), physical examination, medical history, and review of medical record.

Exclusion Criteria

Anyone unwilling to provide informed consent (for themselves as adults, or on behalf of their children as minors) or assent.

Study Design

Phase
Study Type
Observational
Observational Model
Cohort
Time Perspective
Cross-Sectional

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Congenital Heart Disease Patients with Congenital Heart Disease

Recruiting Locations

Children's National and nearby locations

Childrens National Medical Center
Washington, District of Columbia 20010
Contact:
Pranoot Tanpaiboon, M.D.
202-476-6900
ptanpaiboon@childrensnational.org

More Details

NCT ID
NCT01952171
Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)

Study Contact

Paul S Kruszka, M.D.
(301) 402-9654
kruszkaps@mail.nih.gov

Detailed Description

Recent advances in genomic techniques are making possible a new wave of genetic discovery in congenital heart disease (CHD). Existing data suggests that CHD occur in Sub-Saharan Africa at frequencies similar to the rest of the world. In this application, we propose to utilize the unique advantages of Sub-Saharan Africa - a combination of the most genetically diverse populations in the world and of diminished environmental background effects (i.e. low prevalence of smoking, alcohol abuse, obesity in comparison to western countries) - to better understand the genetic basis for congenital heart disease. We will couple next generation genomic techniques with more traditional gene discovery methods to investigate CHD in two African countries: Uganda and Nigeria. The inclusion of syndromic and non-syndromic CHD observed in these populations as well as careful phenotyping (including echocardiography) will greatly enhance our potential to provide insight into the genetic architecture of CHD in African populations. To accomplish this, we plan to enroll families, in whom members have congenital heart malformations consistent with an error of early human development in our research protocol. Patients will be enrolled at the Uganda Heart Institute in Kampala, Uganda, and at the Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Nigeria, with the potential to include other African sites. High throughput genomic studies will be done at the NIH.

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.