Purpose

This study is a prospective, multicenter phase II study with patients receiving haploidentical transplantation for Severe Aplastic Anemia (SAA). The primary objective is to assess overall survival (OS) at 1 year post-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).

Condition

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Under 75 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

  1. Patient is < 75 years of age at time of enrollment.
  2. Confirmed diagnosis of SAA, either from initial diagnosis or follow-up assessments, defined as:
  3. Bone marrow cellularity < 25% or marrow cellularity < 50% but with < 30% residual hematopoietic cells.
  4. Two out of three of the following (in peripheral blood): Neutrophils < 0.5 x10^9/L, Platelets < 20 x10^9/L, or Reticulocyte count < 20 x10^9/L (<60 x 10^9/L using an automated analysis)
  5. No suitable fully matched related sibling donor (6/6 match for human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A and B at intermediate or high resolution and DRB1 at high resolution using DNA-based typing) available.
  6. Failed at least one trial of immunosuppressive therapy (IST) by being refractory or having relapsed. IST could have included ATG based regimens, calcineurin inhibitors and/or other higher dose therapy directed at the treatment of primary SAA.
  7. Available relative of the patient who is a haploidentical match, including biological parents, siblings or half siblings, children, uncles/aunts, first cousins, etc. Eligible haploidentical donors will have 2-4 mismatches if HLA-A, -B, -C, and -DRB1 typing is used; 2-5 mismatches if HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1, and -DQB1 typing is used; and 2-6 mismatches if HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1, -DQB1, and -DPB1 typing is used. A unidirectional mismatch in either the graft versus host or host versus graft direction is considered a mismatch. The donor and recipient must demonstrate that they are a full haplotype match by being identical at a minimum of one allele (at high resolution DNA-based typing) at the following genetic loci: HLA-A, -B, -C, and DRB1 if 8 allele typing is used; HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1, and -DQB1 if 10 allele typing is used; and HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1-, DQB1, and -DPB1 is 12 allele typing is used by the local center. See Section 2.4 for additional information.
  8. Patient and/or legal guardian must sign informed consent for HSCT.
  9. The haplo donor and/or legal guardian must be able to sign informed consent documents.
  10. The potential haplo donor must be willing and able to donate bone marrow.
  11. The weight of the haplo donor must be ≥ 20 kg.
  12. Adequate organ function defined as:
  13. Cardiac: Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) at rest ≥ 40%. For patients aged < 13 years, shortening fraction (SF) ≥ 26% by echocardiogram or Multi Gated Acquisition Scan (MUGA) may be substituted for LVEF.
  14. Hepatic: Total bilirubin < 3.0 x the upper limit of normal (ULN) for age (patients who have been diagnosed with Gilbert's Disease are allowed to exceed this limit) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) < 5.0 x ULN for age.
  15. Renal: For patients > 13.0 years of age at the time of enrollment: estimated creatinine clearance > 50 mL/minute (using the Cockcroft-Gault formula and actual body weight). For patients < 13.0 years of age at enrollment: Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) estimated by the updated Schwartz formula ≥ 90 mL/min/1.73 m2. If the estimated GFR is < 90 mL/min/1.73 m^2, then renal function must be measured by 24-hour creatinine clearance or nuclear GFR, and must be > 50 mL/min/1.73 m^2.
  16. Pulmonary: For patients > 13.0 years of age: Diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) (corrected/adjusted for hemoglobin) > 40% and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) > 50% predicted (without administration of bronchodilator) and forced vital capacity (FVC) > 50% predicted. For patients < 13.0 years of age unable to perform pulmonary function tests (PFT) due to age or developmental ability: (1) no evidence of dyspnea at rest and (2) no need for supplemental oxygen and (3) O2 saturation > 92% on room air at sea level (with lower levels allowed at higher elevations per established center standard of care (e.g., Utah, 4,200 feet above sea level, does not give supplemental oxygen unless below 90%)).
  17. Karnofsky or Lansky performance status ≥ 60%.
  18. Females and males of childbearing potential must agree to practice 2 effective methods of contraception at the same time or agree to abstinence.

Exclusion Criteria

  1. Inherited bone marrow failure syndromes such as Fanconi anemia must be ruled out according to center standard.
  2. Clonal cytogenetic abnormalities consistent with pre-myelodysplastic syndrome (pre-MDS) or MDS on marrow examination (e.g. Monosomy 7).
  3. Presence of anti-donor HLA antibodies (positive anti-donor HLA antibody is defined as a positive cross-match test of any titer by complement-dependent cytotoxicity or flow cytometric testing or the presence of anti-donor HLA antibody to the high expression loci HLA-A, B, C, DRB1, or DPB1 with mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) > 1000 by solid phase immunoassay).
  4. Prior allogeneic stem cell transplant.
  5. Prior solid organ transplant.
  6. Known life-threatening reaction (i.e., anaphylaxis) to Thymoglobulin® that would prohibit use for the patient as this study requires use of the Thymoglobulin® preparation of ATG.
  7. Uncontrolled bacterial, viral, or fungal infection at the time of enrollment. Uncontrolled is defined as currently taking medication and with progression or no clinical improvement on adequate medical treatment.
  8. Seropositive for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
  9. Active Hepatitis B or C determined by a detectable viral load of HBV or HCV.
  10. Female patients who are pregnant (per institutional practice) or breast-feeding.
  11. Prior malignancies except resected basal cell carcinoma or treated cervical carcinoma in situ. Cancer treated with curative intent > 5 years previously will be allowed. Cancer treated with curative intent ≤ 5 years previously will not be allowed unless approved by the Protocol Chairs and/or Protocol Officer.
  12. Alemtuzumab or ATG within 2 weeks of enrollment.

Study Design

Phase
Phase 2
Study Type
Interventional
Intervention Model
Single Group Assignment
Primary Purpose
Treatment
Masking
None (Open Label)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Experimental
Haplo Bone Marrow HSCT
Patients will be treated with a preparative regimen of Antithymocyte Globulin (ATG) (4.5 mg/kg), fludarabine (150 mg/m^2), cyclophosphamide (29 mg/kg), and low dose total body irradiation (TBI) (200 cGy) before undergoing the haplo HSCT. GVHD prophylaxis will be with post-HSCT cyclophosphamide (100 mg/kg), tacrolimus, and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF). G-CSF will be administered post-transplant.
  • Drug: Antithymocyte Globulin (ATG)
    Administration of ATG will be 0.5 mg/kg IV on Day -9 over 6 hours and 2 mg/kg IV on Days -8 and -7 over 4 hours.
    Other names:
    • Thymoglobulin®, rATG
  • Drug: Fludarabine
    Fludarabine dose will be 30 mg/m^2 IV daily for 5 days from Day -6 to Day -2.
    Other names:
    • Fludara®
  • Drug: Cyclophosphamide
    Cyclophosphamide dose will be 14.5 mg/kg IV daily for 2 days (Day -6 to Day -5) prior to transplantation and 50 mg/kg IV daily for 2 days (Day +3 to Day +4) after transplantation.
    Other names:
    • Cytoxan®
  • Radiation: Total Body Irradiation (TBI)
    TBI is to be delivered in a single dose of 200 cGy on Day -1.
  • Procedure: Haplo HSCT
    Eligible patients without a fully matched related or unrelated donor available will undergo haploidentical bone marrow transplant.
  • Drug: Tacrolimus
    Tacrolimus should be started on Day +5 and administered to maintain a level of 10-15 ng/mL.
    Other names:
    • Prograf®
  • Drug: Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF)
    MMF dose will be 15 mg/kg PO three times a day (TID) up to 1 gm TID (or IV equivalent) starting on Day +5.
    Other names:
    • Cellcept®
  • Drug: G-CSF
    G-CSF will be given IV or SQ starting on Day +5 at 5 mcg/kg/day until ANC is > 1500 for 3 days.
    Other names:
    • Filgrastim, Neupogen®

Recruiting Locations

Children's National and nearby locations

Children's National Medical Center
Washington, District of Columbia 20010
Contact:
Davila Saldana, MD
BJDAVILAS1@childrensnational.org

More Details

NCT ID
NCT02918292
Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
Medical College of Wisconsin

Study Contact

Alyssa Ramirez
301-251-1161
aramirez@emmes.com

Detailed Description

Acquired SAA is a rare bone marrow failure disorder with an estimated annual incidence of 2 cases per million and with over 600 new cases in the United States each year. A major challenge in treating acquired SAA is the management of patients who are refractory to immunosuppressant therapy (IST) or have relapsed after IST. HSCT is the only curative option for these patients but many are ineligible because they lack a suitable donor. The Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network (BMT CTN) seeks to increase options for these patients by using novel therapeutic strategies of GVHD prophylaxis with PTCy to expand the donor pool to include haploidentical donors. The goal of this protocol is to test whether optimized approaches using haploidentical donors will achieve acceptable outcomes in SAA patients.

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.