Patients with relapsed or refractory leukemia often develop resistance to chemotherapy and some patients who relapse following CD19 directed therapy relapse with CD19 negative leukemia. For this reason, the investigators are attempting to use T-cells obtained directly from the patient, which can be genetically modified to express two chimeric antigen receptors (CARs). One is to recognize CD19 and the other is to recognize CD22, both of which are proteins expressed on the surface of the leukemic cell in patients with CD19+CD22+ leukemia. The CAR enables the T-cell to recognize and kill the leukemic cell through recognition of CD19 and CD22. This is a phase 1 study designed to determine the safety of the CAR+ T-cells and the feasibility of making enough to treat patients with CD19+CD22+ leukemia.



Eligible Ages
Between 12 Months and 26 Years
Eligible Genders
Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion Criteria

  • First 2 subjects: male and female subjects age ≥18 and < 27 years (as of 2/16/18 the first 2 subjects were enrolled and treated); subsequent subjects: male and female subjects age ≥12 months of age and <27 years.
  • Diagnosis of CD19+22+ leukemia
  • Disease status:
  • If post allogeneic HCT: Confirmed CD19+CD22+ leukemia recurrence defined as at least 0.01% disease following allogeneic HCT
  • If relapse/refractory status with no prior history of allogeneic HCT, one of the following:
  • Second or greater marrow relapse, with or without extramedullary disease
  • First marrow relapse at end of first month or re-induction with marrow having at least 0.01 % blasts by morphology and/or MPF
  • Primary refractory as defined as greater than 5% blasts by multi-parameter flow after at least 2 separate induction regimens.
  • Subject has indication for HCT but has been deemed ineligible, inclusive of persistent MRD prior to HCT
  • Asymptomatic from CNS involvement, if present, and in the opinion of the Principal Investigator with a reasonable expectation that disease burden can be controlled in the interval between enrollment and T-cell infusion. Subjects with significant neurologic deterioration will not be eligible for T-cell infusion until stabilized.
  • Free from active GVHD and off immunosuppressive GVHD therapy for 4 weeks prior to enrollment
  • Lansky or Karnofsky performance score of at least 50
  • Life expectancy of at least 8 weeks
  • Recovered from acute toxic effects of all prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and radiotherapy
  • At least 7 days post last chemotherapy administration (excluding intrathecal maintenance chemotherapy)
  • At least 7 das post last systemic corticosteroids administration (unless physiologic replacement dosing)
  • No prior genetically modified cell therapy that is still detectable or virotherapy
  • Adequate organ function
  • Adequate laboratory values
  • Willing to participate in long-term follow-up for up to 15 years, if enrolled in the study and receive T cell infusion
  • Patients of childbearing/fathering potential must agree to use highly effective contraception from the time of initial T cell infusion through 12 months following the last T cell infusion

Exclusion Criteria

  • Presence of active clinically significant CNS dysfunction
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding
  • Unable to tolerate apheresis procedure
  • Presence of active malignancy other than CD19+CD22+ leukemia
  • Presence of active severe infection
  • Presence of any concurrent medical condition that, in the opinion of the Principal Investigator, would prevent the patient from undergoing protocol-specified therapy

Study Design

Phase 1
Study Type
Intervention Model
Single Group Assignment
Primary Purpose
None (Open Label)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Patient-derived CD19- and CD22 specific CAR
Patient-derived CD19-specific CAR also expressing an HER2t and CD22-specific CAR T-cells also expressing an EGFRt
  • Biological: Patient-derived CD19- and CD22 specific CAR
    Patient-derived CD19-specific CAR also expressing an HER2t and CD22-specific CAR T-cells also expressing an EGFRt

Recruiting Locations

More Details

Active, not recruiting
Seattle Children's Hospital


Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.