The FAST Trial Registry is a prospective observational cohort study of fetuses with a new diagnosis of atrial flutter (AF) or supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) that is severe enough to consider prenatal treatment (see eligibility criteria below). Aims of the Registry include to establish a large clinical database to determine and compare the efficacy and safety of different prenatal treatment strategies including observation without immediate treatment, transplacental antiarrhythmic fetal treatment and direct fetal treatment from the time of tachycardia diagnosis to death, neonatal hospital discharge or to a maximum of 30 days after birth.



Eligible Ages
Between 16 Years and 50 Years
Eligible Genders
Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion Criteria

  1. Mother has provided written informed consent to participate
  2. Fetal AF or SVT with or without hydrops
  3. Tachyarrhythmia that is significant enough to justify immediate transplacental pharmacological treatment:
  4. Tachycardia ≥ 180 bpm during at least 10% of observation time of 30 minutes or longer
  5. Tachycardia ≥ 170 bpm during +100% of time (≤ 30 0/7 weeks of gestation)
  6. Tachycardia ≥ 280 bpm (irrespective of SVA duration)
  7. SVT with fetal hydrops (irrespective of duration)
  8. Gestational age <36 0/7 weeks at time of enrollment
  9. Singleton Pregnancy
  10. Healthy mother with ± normal pre-treatment cardiovascular findings:
  11. ECG within normal range (sinus rhythm; QTc ≤ 0.47; PR ≤ 0.2 sec; QRS: ≤ 0.12 sec; insignificant anomalies; isolated premature beats; isolated complete right bundle
  12. Maternal resting heart rate ≥ 50 bpm
  13. Maternal systolic BP ≥ 85 mmHg

Exclusion Criteria

  1. Primary delivery for postnatal cardioversion
  2. Antiarrhythmic fetal treatment for more than 2 days at time of enrollment
  3. Any maternal-fetal conditions associated with high odds of premature delivery and/or death
  4. History of significant maternal heart condition (open heart surgery; sick sinus syndrome; long QT, Brugada syndrome; ventricular tachycardia; WPW syndrome; high-degree heart block; cardiomyopathy)

Study Design

Study Type
Observational Model
Time Perspective

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Prospective observational cohorts 1) Atrial flutter without fetal hydrops; 2) Atrial flutter with fetal hydrops; 3) Supraventricular tachycardia without fetal hydrops; and 4) Supraventricular tachycardia with fetal hydrops
  • Other: Prospective observational cohorts
    Patients with AF or SVT that is significant enough to consider prenatal treatment are eligible for enrollment. Management decisions are made at each patient encounter by the primary physician based on clinical findings and may include: 1) no antiarrhythmic treatment; 2) transplacental antiarrhythmic treatment; 3) direct fetal antiarrhythmic treatment; 4) delivery. Patients enrolled in the FAST Registry will be followed from the time of enrollment until the baby is discharged after birth.
    Other names:
    • Non-randomized antiarrhythmic fetal drug therapy

Recruiting Locations

Children's National and nearby locations

Children's National Medical Center
Washington, District of Columbia 20010
Mary Donofrio

More Details

The Hospital for Sick Children

Study Contact

Alliya Remtulla Tharani, MSc, BScKin

Detailed Description

Few studies are specifically designed to address health concerns relevant during pregnancy. The consequence is a lack of evidence on best clinical practice. This includes mothers and their babies when pregnancy is complicated by an abnormally fast heart rate up to 300 beats per minute due to supraventricular tachyarrhythmia (SVA) in the unborn baby (fetus). Although fetal SVA, including AF and other forms of SVT, is the most common cause of intended in-utero fetal therapy, our knowledge of drug effects on the baby and the co-treated mother is still limited. The Fetal Atrial Flutter and Supraventricular Tachycardia (FAST) Therapy Trial is a prospective multi-center trial to address this knowledge gap in order to guide future patient management to the best of care.

FAST Trial components include:

1. A prospective Registry (FAST Registry; see this document) as well as

2. Three prospective Randomized Clinical Trials (FAST RCTs; see ClinicalTrials.gov #NCT02624765).

The FAST Registry is a prospective observational cohort study to determine the impact of different prenatal treatment strategies on patients diagnosed with fetal AF without hydrops, AF with hydrops, SVT without hydrops, and SVT with hydrops. All management decisions including the choice of antiarrhythmic medication or the decision to observe without treatment are at the discretion of the treating physician. The primary outcome measure will be the proportion of term deliveries of live-born children with a normal cardiac rhythm. Secondary outcome measures include the efficacy of 1st line, 2nd line, 3rd line, and maintenance drug therapy in controlling the different arrhythmias prior to birth and patient safety.

Participation of a site in the FAST Registry requires experience with the perinatal management of fetal AF and SVT, local REB/IRB approval and an executed legal contract with the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto.

Participation of a patient in the FAST Registry requires that all inclusion and none of the exclusion criteria are fulfilled (see below). Enrollment is possible within 2 days of the arrhythmia diagnosis and the initial management decision.


Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.