Purpose

This multisite prospective study seeks to determine if HLA-identical sibling donor transplantation using alemtuzumab, low dose total-body irradiation, and sirolimus (Sickle transplant Using a Nonmyeloablative approach, "SUN") can decrease the toxicity of transplant while achieving a high cure rate for children with sickle cell disease (SCD).

Condition

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Between 2 Years and 25 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

Patients with genotypes hemoglobin SS and Sβ0 thalassemia must have at least one of the following:

- History of an abnormal transcranial Doppler measurement defined as TCD velocity ≥200 cm/sec by the non-imaging technique (or ≥185 cm/sec by the imaging technique) measured at a minimum of two separate occasions.

- History of cerebral infarction on brain MRI (overt stroke, or silent stroke if ≥3 mm in one dimension, visible in two planes on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery T2-weighted images).

- History of two or more episodes of acute chest syndrome (ACS) in lifetime.

- History of three or more SCD pain events requiring treatment with an opiate or IV pain medication (inpatient or outpatient) in lifetime.

- History of any hospitalization for SCD pain or ACS while receiving hydroxyurea treatment.

- History of two or more episodes of priapism (erection lasting ≥4 hours or requiring emergent medical care).

- Administration of regular RBC transfusions (≥8 transfusions in the previous 12 months).

- At least two episodes of splenic sequestration requiring red blood cell transfusion or splenectomy after at least one episode of splenic sequestration.

Patients with all other sickle genotypes (hemoglobin SC, Sβ+ thalassemia) must have at least one of the following:

- Clinically significant neurologic event (overt stroke).

- History of two or more episodes of ACS in the 2-years period preceding enrollment.

- History of three or more SCD pain events requiring treatment with an opiate or IV pain medication (inpatient or outpatient) in the 1-year period preceding enrollment.

- History of any hospitalization for SCD pain or ACS while receiving hydroxyurea treatment.

- History of two or more episodes of priapism (erection lasting ≥4 hours or requiring emergent medical care).

- Administration of regular RBC transfusions (≥8 transfusions in the previous 12 months).

- At least two episodes of splenic sequestration requiring red blood cell transfusion or splenectomy after at least one episode of splenic sequestration.

Exclusion Criteria

  • • General: Life expectancy less than 6 months. Pregnant or breastfeeding patients.
  • Infection Disease: Uncontrolled bacterial, viral or fungal infections (undergoing appropriate treatment and with progression of clinical symptoms) within 1 month prior to conditioning. Patients with febrile illness or suspected minor infection should await clinical resolution prior to starting conditioning. Patients with confirmed seropositivity for HIV and patients with active Hepatitis B or C determined by serology and/or NAAT are excluded.
  • Liver: Direct (conjugated) bilirubin > 1.5 mg/dL, transaminases >5x upper limit of normal for age.
  • Cardiac: Left ventricular shortening fraction <25% or ejection fraction <50% by ECHO.
  • Kidney: Estimated creatinine clearance less than 60 mL/min/1.73m2.
  • Pulmonary function: Diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide (DLCO) <35% (adjusted for hemoglobin). Baseline oxygen saturation <85% or PaO2 <70.
  • Heme: History of RBC alloantibodies against donor RBC antigens (even if current antibody screen is negative). Major ABO incompatibility with donor.

Study Design

Phase
Phase 2
Study Type
Interventional
Intervention Model
Single Group Assignment
Primary Purpose
Treatment
Masking
None (Open Label)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Experimental
SUN regimen
Alemtuzumab intravenously, low dose total body irradiation, Sirolimus HLA-identical sibling donor transplantation using alemtuzumab, low dose total-body irradiation, and sirolimus (Sickle transplant Using a Nonmyeloablative approach, "SUN") can decrease the toxicity of transplant while achieving a high cure rate for children with sickle cell disease (SCD).
  • Drug: Alemtuzumab intravenously, low dose total body irradiation, Sirolimus
    The conditioning regimen (SUN regimen) will consist of alemtuzumab intravenously daily for 5 days (0.03mg/kg on Day -7, 0.1mg/kg on Day -6, 0.3mg/kg on Days -5 to -3) and low dose total body irradiation (TBI) 300 cGY on Day -2 with gonadal shielding if possible. The HSCT graft will be G-CSF mobilized PBSCs with minimum CD34+ of 5 x106/kg recipient weight, goal of 10 x 106/kg (no upper limit). A peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) graft was selected as it engrafts faster than bone marrow and would lead to shorter period of neutropenia and infection and less thrombocytopenia and need for platelet transfusion. GVHD prophylaxis will be sirolimus with a loading dose 3 mg/m2 on day -1. Sirolimus will be continued at 1 mg/m2/day starting on day 0 and dose adjusted to maintain a target trough level 5-15 ng/mL for the first 3 months and 5-10 ng/mL for the remainder of the first year.

Recruiting Locations

Children's National and nearby locations

Children's National Health System
Washington, District of Columbia 20010
Contact:
Jeremy Zack
202-476-6131
jzack@childrensnational.org

More Details

NCT ID
NCT03587272
Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
Allistair Abraham, MD

Study Contact

Allistair Abraham, MD
202-476-5000
AAbraham@childrensnational.org

Detailed Description

This is a prospective, multicenter phase II study of HLA-identical sibling donor HSCT in 30 pediatric patients with SCD using nonmyeloablative conditioning with alemtuzumab, total-body irradiation, and sirolimus. The primary Objective of this study is to determine if the SUN regimen can decrease the incidence of grade II-IV acute graft-versus host disease (GVHD) by day +100 while maintaining similar disease-free survival compared to establish HLA-identical donor hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) regimens in children with SCD. The secondary Objective is to determine if health-related quality of life (HRQoL) for children undergoing SUN HSCT is preserved during the early post-transplant time period. To determine if the SUN regimen can decrease the number of platelet transfusions compared to established HLA-identical HSCT regimens in children with SCD. The tertiary/Exploratory Objectives: To describe other markers of toxicity (duration of neutropenia, mucositis, length of hospitalization) and indicators of a successful HSCT (HRQoL at 1 year, proportion needing additional immunosuppression during the first year, proportion able to wean sirolimus at 1 year).

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.