Purpose

The proposed study will be a prospective, open-label, single-center, safety and feasibility phase 1 trial of allogeneic bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cell (BM-MSC) delivery though cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) using a homogeneous population of infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) who will be undergoing a two-ventricle repair within the first six months of life

Condition

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Under 6 Months
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

  • Neonatal and young infantile patients who are ≤ 3 months of age - Scheduled to undergo reparative two-ventricle repair for congenital heart defects without aortic arch reconstruction, including the following: a. D-Transposition of the Great Arteries (d-TGA) Group: i. d-TGA with intact ventricular septum (d-TGA, IVS) ii. d-TGA with ventricular septal defect (d-TGA, VSD) b. Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) Group: i. VSD without aortic arch obstruction (AAO) ii. Complete common atrioventricular canal defect (CAVC) c. Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) Group: i. Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) ii. Tetralogy of Fallot with Pulmonary Atresia (TOF,PA) iii. Truncus arteriosus (TA) iv. Double outlet right ventricle (DORV) - Scheduled surgery at or before three months of age. - Parent/guardian capable of providing informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria

  • Birth weight less than 2.0 kg - Recognizable phenotypic syndrome - Associated extracardiac anomalies of greater than minor severity - Previous cardiac surgery - Associated cardiovascular anomalies requiring aortic arch reconstruction and/or additional open cardiac surgical procedures in infancy - Prior severe hypoxic event - Significant screening test values that place subjects at increased risk of complications from participation in the study

Study Design

Phase
Phase 1
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
N/A
Intervention Model
Single Group Assignment
Primary Purpose
Treatment
Masking
None (Open Label)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Experimental
Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cell (BM-MSC)
The dose-escalation methods with a modified continual reassessment at the five dose levels (1x10^6, 10x10^6, 20x10^6, 40x10^6, 80x10^6 cells/kg) will be performed to determine safety and feasibility of allogeneic BM-MSC infusion during pediatric cardiac surgery and the maximum tolerated dose in infants with CHD.
  • Biological: BM-MSC
    Allogeneic bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cell (BM-MSC) delivery through cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) using a homogeneous population of infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) who will be undergoing a two-ventricle repair within the first six months of life.

Recruiting Locations

Children's National and nearby locations

Children's National Health System
Washington, District of Columbia 20010
Contact:
Nobuyuki Ishibashi,, MD
202-476-2388
NIshibas@childrensnational.org

More Details

NCT ID
NCT04236479
Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
Catherine Bollard

Study Contact

Nobuyuki Ishibashi, MD
202-476-2388
NIshibas@childrensnational.org

Detailed Description

This study is a prospective, open-label, single-center, safety and feasibility phase 1 trial of allogeneic bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cell (BM-MSC) delivery though cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) using a homogeneous population of infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) who will be undergoing a two-ventricle repair within the first six months of life. The dose-escalation methods with a modified continual reassessment at the five dose levels (1x10^6, 10x10^6, 20x10^6, 40x10^6, 80x10^6, cells/kg) will be performed to determine safety and feasibility of allogeneic BM-MSC infusion during pediatric cardiac surgery and the maximum tolerated dose in infants with CHD. In addition to the primary objective of assessing the safety and feasibility of BM-MSC delivery through CPB, our secondary objectives are designed to develop biological signature measures and clinical outcome measures feasible for use in larger efficacy and effectiveness trials with a particular focus on neurodevelopmental outcome and early postoperative course after BM-MSC treatment. We will determine actual magnitude of differences in neuroimaging and neurodevelopmental variables and postoperative inflammatory and pathophysiological variables after BM-MSC delivery in infants with CHD. Enrollment, follow-up, and analysis are planned to occur over 36 months for the treatment and initial follow-up portions of the study. Long-term follow-up until 18 months of age will be subsequently reported.

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.